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OPERATING EXPERIENCES FROM 18 MICROTURBINE APPLICATIONS FOR CHP AND INDUSTRIAL PURPOSES
Jan-Erik Hanssen, EU, Bruxelles, Belgium
Arto Riikonen, Gasum Oy, Finland
Corfitz Noren, Swedish Gas Technology Centre, Sweden Gerth Karlsson, Vattenfall AB, Sweden
Lars Malmrup/Stefan Ernebrandt, Turbec AB, Sweden Roar Stokholm/ Bjørn Jarle Veland, Statoil A/S, Norway. Felicia Fock/Hakon Mosbech, Energi E2 A/S, Denmark Jan de Wit, Danish Gas Technology Centre, Denmark Aksel Hauge Pedersen, DONG A/S, Denmark (presenter)
The experiences gathered in this project are related to a demo project named OMES (Optimised Microturbine Energy Systems), which partly has been financed through the EU 5th Frame Working Programme. Participants in the project has been the above mentioned organisations. The project was running from September 2001 through April 2004, and tested/demonstrated a 100 kW micro turbine at a variety of applications, like:
Flexible steam generation, CO2 fertilization in greenhouses, cooling, traditional CHP (Schools, Business Centres, etc.) and Cluster installation of microturbine CHP units. The demo sites were placed in Finland, Swden, Norway, Denmark, Germany and Ireland.
The project showed that the technology is reliable and working satisfactory. Still work must be done to reduce costs before the micro turbine will get a fully commercial break through.
The original goals for power efficiency and overall efficiency were to achieve ≥ 30 % power efficiency during full load operation and overall efficiency ≥ 80 % (ref. LCV).
The goal for power efficiency was meet at full load, still the overall efficiency stayed slight below the 80%. The latter was primarily due to higher water inlet temperatures
than originally planned for, at many of the demonstration plants. An inlet water tempera- ture less than 50 oC seems necessary to achieve the target of 80 % total efficiency. The original environmental goals for the OMES project were focusing NOx and the measure- ments showed NOx values at target level of 15 ppm at 15 % O2.
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