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Publication Title | Special Issue Core Technology of Micro Gas Turbine for Cogeneration System

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Special Issue Core Technology of Micro Gas Turbine for Cogeneration System

1

Review

Yoichiro Ohkubo

Outlook on Gas Turbine

Abstract

With the aim of preventing global warming, the Kyoto Protocol demands that Japan reduces its emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) to a level that is 6 % lower than 1990 levels. To this end, it is necessary to further promote energy conservation. One means of doing so is by introducing cogeneration systems. In addition, it is important to develop a technology that can make use of recyclable energy such as biomass fuel instead of fossil fuel. For Japan, moreover, it is good policy to have an optimum mix of energy sources, given that the country has meager energy resources of its own. In other words, there is a huge demand for energy-efficient and environmentally friendly technologies. The development of small-size

independent distributed electricity generating systems is therefore important both technically and socially in order to promote the spread of cogeneration systems.

A gas turbine is a promising power source in that it can cleanly burn a range of fuel types and be used as the basis of a high-efficiency system. Therefore, using the technology accumulated from the development of gas turbines for automobiles, we developed a micro gas turbine for a cogeneration system that realizes an overall energy efficiency (electricity and heat) of 70 %. In this article, we will consider the past and present state of micro gas turbine technology, and consider its future prospects.

Keywords

Gas turbine, Microturbine, Energy conservation, High energy efficiency, Cogeneration system, Carbon dioxide, Technical trend

R&D Review of Toyota CRDL Vol. 41 No. 1

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